Germany takes the turn

After the disaster in Fukushima in March 2011, the German government decided not to continue on the route of permitting extensions of the operating lives of nuclear power plants it had adopted under its energy strategy in September 2010.

In June 2011, a package of new laws was adopted under which the energy system in Germany will be reoriented away from nuclear power and fossil fuels to renewable energies.

The roadmap provides for a gradual phasing out of all nuclear power plants until the year 2022. At the same time, the development of renewable energies (EE) will be speeded up. The target is to raise the share of renewable electricity in the gross electricity consumption to 35 per cent by 2020. The target for 2050 is 80 per cent electricity from renewable sources. Along with that, the German government’s objective is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 40 per cent in 2020 in comparison with the base year 1990. Further intermediate targets are defined until the final reduction of 80 to 95 per cent is to be obtained by 2050.